Common PC Keyboard Shortcuts

If you are like me, you have probably gotten so used to using your mouse that you have forgotten that there are many things you can do much quicker on your computer using keyboard shortcuts. To perform a keyboard shortcut, you press two or three keyboard keys at once. This is much easier than moving your mouse around the screen and clicking through several menus.
 
Lots of these shortcuts you probably already know and use. Most of them work whether you are working with documents, photos or spreadsheets.
 
Basic shortcuts:     
To save: Ctrl+S   SAVE YOUR WORK OFTEN! You never know when the program you're using, or your entire computer, is going to crash. Even if your program has auto-save it never hurts to get into this quick habit. 
To copy a selected item: Ctrl+C
To cut a selected item: Ctrl+X
To paste a selected item: Ctrl+V
To undo an action: Ctrl+Z   Hitting Ctrl+Z several times will often undo the last several changes. If you go too far back, hit Ctrl+Y to redo.
To redo something you just undid: Ctrl+Y
To select everything: Ctrl+A
To make the selected text bold: Ctrl+B
To print: Ctrl+P
Other common shortcuts:
To delete the selected item without moving it to the Recycle Bin first: Shift + Delete    Be extremely careful with this because you can NOT get this deleted material back if you change your mind.
            To cancel the current task: Esc
            To find a word in a document or web page: Ctrl+F
To switch between open windows: Alt+Tab   If you have lots of open windows and you're not sure exactly which one you need, press Alt+Tab, and get a thumbnail view of all your open windows. Then, while holding down the Alt key, press the Tab key until you get to the window you want.
To go to the desktop: Windows key+D    I use this shortcut quite often. It minimizes all open windows to check something on the desktop.
To open the Task Manager: Ctrl+Alt+Delete     You might already be using this shortcut. In modern computers, CTRL+ALT+DEL either brings up Windows Task Manager, or a list of options including Task Manager. Task Manager is useful for killing programs that are acting up or unresponsive. From here you can also lock your computer or switch users. Years ago, this was the first keyboard shortcut most people learned. This shortcut used to reboot your computer if it was acting up, which happened quite a bit.
To go directly to the Task Manager: Ctrl+Shift+Esc
To zoom in or zoom out: Control+Plus Sign or Minus Sign    Instead of squinting, hit CTRL++ (that's a plus sign) a few times. This works in most browsers and some programs to let you see small text on a webpage or to check out the pixels in a photo. To zoom out again, just hit CTRL+- (that's a minus sign). To reset the zoom level to 100 percent, hit Ctrl+0 (that's a zero). You can also hold Ctrl and scroll the mouse wheel to zoom in and out.
To get help: F1 key     This key alone will open a help window for the program you are using.  For help with Windows use Windows key+F1 key.
To open the Start menu: Ctrl+Esc
To prevent a CD from automatically playing: Shift when you insert the CD
Fun Shortcuts: 
These only work using the number keypad on the right side of the keyboard – not the numbers above the letters.
 
Alt plus 2 ☻
Alt plus 3  
Alt plus 11 
Alt plus 12 
Alt plus 14  
Alt plus 15 
Alt plus 155 ¢
Alt plus 171 ½
Alt plus 172 ¼
Alt plus 246 ÷
Alt plus 248 or Alt plus 167 °
Alt plus 0169 ©
I was amazed when I started doing research for this article.  There are a remarkable number of keyboard shortcuts.  I have only listed a few of them.  I hope you find some of these useful in your life. 
(I have read that most of these shortcuts are the same on a Mac, except you use the CMD key instead of the CTRL key. I don’t have a Mac so I was not able to check them out.)
 


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